Software & Online Resources for Research (Part 7 of 7) “Publishing”


This is part 7 of a 7 part series about software and internet resources for research. Part 1, “Inspiration for an Idea,” can be found here and part 2, “Literature Review,” can be found here, part 3, “Research,” can be found here, part 4, “Transcription”, can be found here, part 5, “Analysis,” can be found here, and part 6, “Write up,” can be found here.

The internet has the potential to be your most valuable tool in research when you are ready to publish your findings. There are many resources online available to help you and if you do chose to publish on the internet you will make your research more accessible and you will increase the opportunity for others to start a dialog with you about it.

I do encourage you to start a blog, or post on your existing blog, the process of conducting your fieldwork, etc. so that others can learn from you. While the number of anthropology blogs is exponentially increasing, anthropology as a discipline is still underrepresented online. (Could this be because of our ivory tower roots and the nature of the discipline to work independently??)

In addition to creating a blog and blogging about your research, I would encourage people to submit an article about their project to Four Stone Hearth, a bi-weekly anthropology blogging carnival. Four Stone Hearth has been very successful and has a large audience, this will give you an opportunity to hear feedback, thoughts, etc. from others.

There are also a number of online journal that you could submit articles to in the hopes of having them included. Here are two links to lists of online journals here and here.

Software & Online Resources for Research (Part 4 of 7) “Transcription”


This is part 4 of a 7 part series about software and internet resources for research. Part 1, “Inspiration for an Idea,” can be found here and part 2, “Literature Review,” can be found here, and part 3, “Research,” can be found here.

After you conduct your research, the next step will likely be transcribing your interviews and/or focus groups, etc. I only have experience with transcribing one-on-one taped interviews and taped focus groups. I’ve tried a few different transcription software programs and Express Scribe is by far my favorite. It’s free software that is compatible with both Mac and PC (so the free part is a benefit). The reason that I love Express Scribe is the features it offers. It’s compatible with Microsoft Word, so you can set up “hot keys” (or short cuts) that allow you to play, pause, rewind, and fast forward while in Word i.e., you’re typing in Word and without switching back to Express Scribe you use “control+d” to pause. It makes the process much easier and you save a lot of time by not having to switch back to Express Scribe. Two other great features are playing in slow motion and automatic rewinding of 5 seconds upon pause.

I do not have any experience with transcribing video, but the other RA in the online-on-campus comparison research project used Transana to transcribe the class discussions in the on-campus class. I don’t think it was her favorite software, but it worked well enough. Transana is no longer free, but you can download an older version from their website for free. You can purchase a copy for $50 and it is compatible with Mac and PC.

I also like to make a few notes about possible themes/hunches while transcribing and to do this I usually use a mind map. I’m always super careful to make these notes because it’s really too early to be thinking about themes- but I always “test” them against the data once it is available.

Related post: My first experience with Express Scribe

Software & Online Resources for Research (Part 3 of 7) “Research”


This is part 3 of a 7 part series about software and internet resources for research. Part 1, “Inspiration for an Idea,” can be found here and part 2, “Literature Review,” can be found here.

So, you’ve found your inspiration for a research project and you’ve done your review of existing literature, so now If you are following a traditional research design the next step is to do your research, or the data collection.

The advice I have for software and online resources for this step is relatively short, so if you’re reading this and have recommendations please add them in the comments!

One thing I have found to be helpful is to tag electronic articles about data collection in Yep with a tag that signifies which method it’s about. This way once I’ve decided what data collection methods are appropriate for my study, I can pull up the appropriate tags i.e., “in-depth interviews” in Yep and refresh my memory.

I also find myself keeping lists of things I want to do while conducting data collection and “hunches” I’m having throughout the process of data collection. As a warning, I’ll remind you to be super careful with your “hunches” you have in data collection- make sure you carefully analyze for them and re-evaluate them after data collection is done! To organize such lists I find wikis to be the most helpful, but I think that mind maps may work well for some folks.

The Radical Anthropologist has recently done some posts about field notes, which might be helpful for you to read at this point.

My recommendations center around data collection methods and organizing data, but don’t forget.. you can CONDUCT your fieldwork online! Here are some links to anthropology research being done online here, here, and here.

Software & Online Resources for Research (Part 2 of 7) “Literature Review”


This is part 2 of a 7 part series about software and internet resources for research. Part 1, “Inspiration for an Idea” can be found here.

I started off part 1 by saying this series would be better as a wiki and I’ve already proven that to myself, I made several additions to part 1 yesterday and will make a few more today. As I flesh out the notes I’ve written for the stages I keep thinking of new things and finding new links.

Now that you’ve spent some time cruising the internet and thinking about what sort of research project you’d like to do, I’m sure your inspired to pursue your project. What should your next step be and how will the internet and software help you? Well, if you’re following a traditional approach to your research, your next step is to do some review of existing literature.


If you’ve read this blog for any amount of time then you most likely know that I am hyper-organized. It’s very important to be organized with your research from the get-go and if you didn’t start to do this while you were seeking inspiration now would be the time to do it. There is a sea of electronic articles and even if you’re interest lays in an obscure topic, you’ll have many articles to keep track of.
My recommendations for organizing literature are bookmark the articles and to store the downloadable PDFs in a PDF data software program, such as Yep. I’ve also hear of using EndNote to keep track of bibliographies, etc. I have no experience with this software (I tried it and lost interest quickly) but it comes highly recommended.
If you start this early you’ll thank yourself in the long run!

Now is also a good time to consider maintaining a wiki or a mind map to organize your thoughts.

Literature Reviews

One of my favorite parts of anthropology is the fact that its work is best when complimented by another discipline. Many (American) anthropologists specialize in a more focused topic within one of our four sub-disciplines, i.e. public health, policy, environment, etc. Remember when your searching for literature DO NOT limit yourself to articles, etc. that say “anthropology”- think of what other disciplines might have something to offer.

Where to find literature

Don’t forget about the places where you found your inspiration in the first place, look for their recommendations, bibliographies, etc. typically gives really good book descriptions and most books have customer reviews.

Look for people that work in the area you’re interested in. Some professors share their syllabi online and if they don’t, you can always email them and ask if you can have a copy.

Search the bibliographies of related articles.



Anthropology Review Database

Open Directory Project

List of anthropology journals here.

Open Access Journals here, here, and here .

This list is by no means exhaustive, so I’ll continue to add to it and I am interested to hear about other resources you all are using.

New Four Stone Hearth is Available


A new issue of the Four Stone Hearth is up at Jason Fox’s Hominin Dental Anthropology.

For those of you just tuning in, Four Stone Hearth is a anthropology blogging carnival that is published bi-weekly. It’s a collaborative effort amongst anthropology bloggers and anthropologist readers that come together every two weeks to converse about “all things anthropology”. A blogger hosts the carnival (collection of articles) on their blog and readers and writers alike talk about the topics on hand.

Software & Online Resources for Research (Part 1 of 7) “Inspiration for an Idea”


Again, this blog post would be better off as a wiki and I’m still working on that.

I’m currently working on my fifth research project, and while that by no means makes me an expert I have collected quite a few software & online resources that I use to organize, inspire, and manage the elements of my research. I’m organizing the resources in the traditional research outline- having the idea, literature review, research design, transcription, analysis, write up, and “publishing” findings. Depending on your approach to research i.e., grounded theory, etc. and the scope of your research i.e., project vs. paper, you may need to re-order the outline or you may want to pick and chose from the list.

I’ve decided to break the list into a seven part series to avoid the posts being 20 pages long. Here’s part 1

Be sure to bookmark all of the webpages that you find of interest so that you may reference back to them! I prefer, but there are many social bookmarking websites and you can also use your browser to bookmark.

I find wikis to be particularly useful in keeping track of my thoughts, websites, etc. Learn about wikis here.
Mind mapping software is also a very easy way to keep track of your ideas for a project. Learn about mind mapping here.

Inspiration for a Project

Here are my recommendations for places to get inspirations for projects- it’s important to note that you should not copy others’ ideas, but expanding your horizons about your knowledge of what others are doing, and your knowledge in general, is a great way to get new ideas.

  • Podcasts & Videos

  • SfAA podcasts (not up right now, but will be after the 2008 Meeting)
    Other anthropology podcasts
    Google video search for “anthropology”
    Bookmarks on for “anthropology+podcast

  • Blogs

  • Bookmarks on for “anthropology+blogs‘s list of anthropology blogs
    Four Stone Hearth (anthropology blogging carnival)

  • Listservs

  • This website has a good list of anthropology listservs
    This is the AAA (American Anthropological Association) list of listservs

  • Forums

  • MySpace anthropology-related forums via Moving Anthropology Student Network

  • Social Networks

  • Twitter
    SfAA ning network
    Linked In
    Moving Anthropology Student Network

  • Online Journals

  • a list of online social science journals
    Another good list of online journals

    I find reading (be it online, books, articles, etc.) and engaging in conversation (virtual and face-to-face), specifically with people whom have different views/interests, to be my inspiration for both research and live in general- the above ways are the places that I do this online.

    What are the ways you find inspiration online?

    Related post: How to Network Online

    Update on the “comparing the same online & on-campus graduate course” research


    Back in January I started working on a research project with my advisor and an on-campus peer. The focus of the research project is to compare an online version and an on-campus version of the same graduate course (taught at the same time and by the same professor). My advisor was the professor for the courses, the other RA was in the on-campus course at the time, and I was in the online course at the time. So we all have a somewhat “emic” view of the Fall 2006 course.

    The on-campus RA conducted and transcribed 12 face-to-face interviews and transcribed three class meetings. I conducted and transcribed 9 phone interviews (using Skype & Pamela), transcribed three teleconference meetings, and organized three weeks of discussion board postings. The data has been collected and consists of 21 interviews and all of the course communications (class meetings, discussion boards, and teleconferences) for the same three weeks in the course. We have A TON of data.

    We have weekly teleconferences between the three researchers, we email almost daily, and we have a secure online site where we share our collaborative documents and files. The entire process has been really interesting for me and I think it’s very fitting that I am an online RA for this particular project.

    We have all of our transcription finished now and we are moving into the analysis phase. Our presentation on our research has been accepted at the 2007 AAA Meeting in D.C.. We will be doing a presentation about how our findings will be applied to the UNT online master’s program. We hope to find ways in which the online program can be improved upon to make the experience similar to that of on-campus. The goal of that program has always been to offer a master’s degree and graduate experience that is comparable with that of an on-campus degree. The fact that our findings will be applied really shows UNT’s dedication to the online master’s.

    I don’t have any findings that can be reported yet, but we’re making good progress thus far. We have a lot of people interested in the project- so that’s very exciting for us.

    How to “network” as an online anthropology student


    As an online graduate student I’ve been faced with the challenge of getting the same experience of “networking” and “learning the in’s and out’s of the discipline” that would normally come with being an on-campus student. The quotations I’ve used around networking are intentional because I do not (never ever) intentionally network and I’m fairly certain I would fail if I did. Rather, I’ve met a lot of people by just being myself- social, talkative, ambitious, interested to meet people for the sake of meeting them.

    A friend, Celina Kapoor, recently pointed out that she felt like I was good at “networking” and that I have a good idea of how to go about being connected (in the sense of knowing what’s going on) in the field of anthropology. After some thought I composed a list of things that I do that I feel are helpful in these regards. I shared my list with my online peers at the recent UNT online orientation. I’ve included the list below because I think the tips are just as beneficial for on-campus anthropology students. Eventually I’d like to turn it into a wiki page because the list will really be an on-going project. I’d love to hear feedback and comments (jencardew at gmail dot com) if you have any!

    *start document*

    The following document was composed to offer suggestions on how to “network” as an online student, but all of the tips can be used by on-campus students and non-students alike. An added benefit from using these tools to network is that you are more likely to become more involved in the field of anthropology and to learn more about the field.

    As a graduate student in an online program you may miss out on networking opportunities that on-campus students have, in the last year I have found ways to overcome this- some are obvious and some may not be. Each one takes time, however in my opinion it is worth it. Many of us will be entering into a new field of work, new job, etc. after graduation and one of the best ways to find a job is through networking. Also, I have found it helpful to just get to know other anthropologists, and anthropologists in your sub-field of interest specifically, because while you might not call on them for a lead on a job, you’ll have people to ask for advice, direction, etc. (don’t forget that your advisor can help with this too!) I have been active in all of the following activities, I’ve incorporated it into my routine, but I don’t spend much time on it.

    blogs: read, comment and/or start your own (a blog is an online journal, visit this site for a more throughout explanation.)
    o I have found that the anthropologists that blog are really friendly and happy to talk! A good way to enter into the “blogging community” of anthropology bloggers is to subscribe to blogs that cover topics you are interested in and to write comments as a response to posts that you have an interest in, opinion on, can add to, etc. This helps to open the dialogue and also is beneficial because you’ll expand your horizons!
    o Visit this site to watch a short and simple video learn about subscribing to blogs via RSS (free notifications of new posts by the blogs you are interested in)
    o If you would like to use a RSS feed reader to organize your blog subscriptions (it’s convenient and free!) I recommend Google Reader. There are directions on the website, and I would be more than happy to walk you through it if you need help!
    o Here is a comprehensive list of anthropology blogs
    o You can also search and find blogs using technorati
    o Another great way to enter into this community is to start your own blog. There are a few different “anthropology blogging families”- mine Anthroblogs is run by John Norvell.
    o By starting your own blog you’ll be in control of the topics discussed and people will seek you out to start a dialogue- it’s a small community, so it’s super easy to get involved and to get readers.
    o You’d be surprised at the amount of people that could email you about what you write (I was contacted by a Canadian news reporter after having my blog for about 2 months)
    o There are many free websites that offer free blogging tools that are simple and easy to set up- Word Press is (in my opinion) the easiest to use because you do not need to know any HTML, etc. they give you free templates. Blogger is another free site run by Google
    o By being involved in the anthropology blogging community you’ll increase your chances of starting dialogues with people that have similar interests, but you’ll also start to just “get your name out there”
    o Also, don’t limit yourself to “anthropology” blogs—what are related disciplines that you could learn more about and get to know people? i.e., design, education, public health

    listservs (visit this site to learn about listservs)
    o By joining one of the free email listservs you’ll keep up-to-date with happenings in your sub-discipline and you’ll learn more about others’ interests
    o Once you feel comfortable, you can start posting discussion emails and/or responding
    o If you see that someone posts discussions that you are interested in- email them off-list and start a discussion, people in general are super nice (and if they’re not, do you really want to talk to them?)
    o Sometimes job postings and/or events are announced- pay attention to ones in your area, etc. and attend!
    o This website has a good list of anthropology listservs
    o This is the AAA (American Anthropological Association) list of listservs

    o In the past year I’ve seen people’s websites, etc. and emailed them a question i.e., can I see your syllabus for your course, etc.
    o People are usually responsive, if not, don’t be discouraged though
    o People like to talk about themselves ☺

    o Local Practitioner Organizations
    o These are regional groups made up of practitioners and applied anthropologists
    o Some LPOs are active and have events, etc.
    o Some are not as active, but still have a listserv (see listservs)
    o A lot of LPOs will meet up at the bigger conferences, stay informed about such events and meet up with them! (see conference)
    o See this site for an explanation of LPO and a list of LPO

    anthropology associations
    There are benefits to joining anthropology associations such as, discounted registration for conferences, newsletters, free publications, etc.
    o The two main ones are:
    o Society for Applied Anthropology (SfAA)
    o SfAA has a social network (see social networks)
    o Look around on the website there is a lot of good resources!
    o American Anthropological Association (AAA)
    o Look around on the website there is a lot of good resources!

    o Both the SfAA and the AAA have student focused organization/group of some sort
    o Be active on the forums, listservs
    o Run for office
    o SfAA student
    o AAA student

    o The AAA has sub-sections i.e., NAPA
    o It costs about $10 for students to join the sub-groups
    o They meet up at the conferences (see conference)
    o AAA interest groups

    conferences: workshops, events, common areas
    o The two main anthropology conferences are:
    o The AAA in the fall (usually October or November)
    o The SfAA in the spring (usually March or April)
    o There are smaller conferences for smaller organizations
    • Savage Minds has put together some info on anthropology conferences here
    o There is a business anthropology conference called EPIC in the fall (usually October) EPIC
    o Each conference has workshops (for an extra fee)
    o Workshops are typically small groups of people and therefore easier to approach and talk to others- if they are in the same workshop, they might have similar interests
    o Each conference also has “parties” hosted by various groups
    o Attend ones that look interesting, people are usually very approachable!
    o There are always student gatherings too, check the message boards
    o Volunteer, it’s an easy way to get access to a lot of people and it’s an easy way to get involved in conversations (see podcasting)
    o Hang out in common areas and just strike up conversations
    o This is easy if you smoke ☺

    o Get to know students that have similar interests, etc. and help each other out!

    local universities
    o Keep an eye on your local universities lecture series and attend if you see something that looks interesting
    o A lot of dissertation defenses are open to the public, attend some anthropology ones
    o See about joining their listsev or clubs – not sure if this is possible, but worth a try

    o Started at the 2007 Annual Meeting of the SfAA in Tampa, FL
    o Volunteers have a lot of opportunities to interact with speakers in various ways
    o Volunteers can volunteer for sessions that are of topical interest
    o Also, you’ll have something to talk about at the conference ☺
    o It’s a good way to get your name out too- volunteer information is included

    social networks (visit this site to view a short, simple video and learn about social networks)
    o There are many different social networking site and all are free to join
    o Find people that have similar interests and engage in conversation
    o Write a bio about yourself so that others can contact you!

    o The SfAA has recently started a social network site
    o There are student forums and interest groups
    o It’s easy to message or comment to people
    o It’s not too active yet (still worth your time though) so invite others to join!

    o A lot of blogs have a web2.0 (social) feature of sorts (see blogs)
    o Savage Minds

    o One way to find social networks and groups that you are interested in is to search
    o Yahoo groups
    o Google groups

    o Here are a few other ideas
    o Linked In
    o Live Journal
    o Facebook

    I’m done with my first year of grad school!


    I’m actually about to start year two, so the first year has been done for a few weeks now.

    I started the UNT Online Master’s program in applied anthropology last August. It was my first year in grad school and also the first year for the online program. UNT’s online program is the first exclusively online master’s in applied anthropology in the U.S.

    Overall I feel like the online program went very well in its first year, the classes were extremely in-depth and I walked away feeling like I learned a lot. They absolutely lived up to my high standards. We did run into some bumps with one of our Spring courses, but the students banned together to bring their concerns to the department, our voice was heard, and the problems were addressed. I’m confident that going forward the future students will not face these same issues. You see, that’s one of the beauties of being in a brand new program- it’s a learning experience for all of us and our faculty are dedicated to making the program the best it can be. They listen to our feedback and adjust accordingly.

    I’m extremely happy with how well the first year went for me. I’m in a unique situation within the program because I am a more traditional student in that my only job is as a research assistant , most other students work full-time and/or have families. Because I am a full-time student I’m looking to have a more traditional experience as a graduate student (doing research, going to conferences, etc.) and I was somewhat concerned that I might not be afforded these opportunities as an online student. The interesting thing about the UNT program is that you can have the experience that you want to have- some students login, do their coursework and that’s the extent of their participation and others, like myself, have taken jobs as RAs (there are two online RAs), attended conferences, socialized, etc. I’m getting what I want from the program and I’m happy with it.

    Looking back at my first year I achieved a lot. I learned Atlas.ti, SPSS, participated in two research projects (one a class project, the other as a RA), attended the AAA and the SfAA conference , launched the SfAA podcasts project (see website here), and made a lot of new friends. All of this as an online student :)

    I recently went back to Denton, TX to visit the UNT campus and meet the incoming online students at their required orientation. It wasn’t a required trip for me, but I wanted to meet with a few people face-to-face and to meet the new students. The first year cohort put together a list of our experiences and recommendations for the new folks and I shared the list at the orientation. There are a lot of really interesting people entering into the program. I’m excited to see what their experiences will be, how they will help build the program, and to get to know them.

    My second year starts on Monday. I wonder what this new year will bring?

    Download the SfAA podcasts now, they will be taken down in 2 days!!

    SfAA Podcasts

    (X-posted at

    I wanted to remind everyone that the SfAA podcasts from the 67th Annual Meeting of the SfAA will be taken down from this website on August 1, 2007. To this end, make sure you download the podcasts that you want before then. Also, if you know someone that might be interested in any of the recordings- make sure you tell them about the website soon so that they will have the opportunity to download the podcasts before then too. After August 1 there will be more frequent updates, calls for help, and calls for participation on this site, so please continue to subscribe to this site’s RSS feed or email updates of new posts so that you don’t miss out! If you’ve had thoughts/comments/complaints/etc. that you haven’t submitted, now would be a great time to do that too so that they can be considered when we plan for next year!

    Why are the podcasts being taken down you ask?

    What an excellent question! The decision to make the files available for a few months was mainly based on two factors. Tom May and I picked a date to remove the files after hearing some participants concerns of having the files available long-term. Also, we are storing the files on a file server at the University of North Texas this year. The Center for Distributed Learning at UNT was not able to guarantee free server space past the date.

    Going forward, I believe that we (still looking for volunteers!) will keep the files up either permanently or for a longer period of time. This will all depend on how much feedback and communication we receive from participants on the matter. The server space for next year has been taken care of, so that will no longer be a factor.

    There have been 3,088 visitors to this site since April 9, 2007!

    Shortcut to podcasts:
    Gretel Pelto’s Malinowski Acceptance Speech
    Malinowski Blog Post

    “Dude, That’s My Space!”
    “Dude, That’s My Space!” Blog post

    “Global Health in the Time of Violence, Part I”
    “Global Health in the Time of Violence, Part I” Blog post

    “Global Health in the Time of Violence, Part II”
    Global Health in the Time of Violence, Part II” Blog post

    Florida Public Archaeology Network” Blog post

    “Contributing to Cultural Understanding” Blog post

    “South Florida’s Impact on Anthropology, Part I”
    “South Florida” Blog post

    “Environment & Conservation Policy” “Environment & Conservation Policy” Blog post

    “Expanding (or Exceeding?) Our Reach” “Expanding (or Exceeding?) Our Reach” Blog post

    “Applying Linguistic Anthropology in the Classroom & Beyond”
    “Applying Linguistic Anthropology in the Classroom & Beyond” Blog post